Food and Agriculture Organization
Representative in China, DPR Korea and Mongolia (FAO Beijing): Vincent Martin
Deputy Representative: Bir Mandal
The FAO DPRK Country Programming Framework (CPF) for 2012-2015 defines priorities for technical cooperation with the government. The support will help to increase agricultural productivity and food security through implementation of development and emergency/rehabilitation projects. The CPF has been extended to 2016 in to align it to the new UNSF which will be covering the period 2016-2020.
The extensive consultation for the CFP has provided agreed outcomes in five priority areas:
- Strengthening national food and nutritional security
- Improving natural resource management
- Improving rural livelihood
- Coping with climate change and
- Strengthening institutional capacity for agricultural research, extension and administration
Work under the programme has led to successes in the following areas:
- Improved Seed Production for Sustainable Agriculture
- Reduction of Post Harvest Losses for Food Security
Current projects focus on:
- Emergency support to improve food security and nutrition of vulnerable farming families by increasing the production of vegetables and soybean.
- Enhancing food production and improving household level food and nutrition security through conservation agriculture and double cropping
- Emergency support to increase soybean production
- Pasture seed multiplication and sustainable pasture development
- Farmer participatory seed multiplication and post harvest management for food and nutrition security
FAO in DPR Korea
The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) secured FAO membership on 14 November, 1977 and subsequently FAO and the Government of the DPR Korea signed the Host Country Agreement on 1st January, 1998 and 9th February, 1998 respectively for the establishment of the FAO Representation in the DPRK under the Agreement for Double Accreditation from China. Since then, FAO has provided technical support to the DPRK for over three decades aimed at enhancing national food and nutrition security. During this period, some 214 field projects assisted by FAO have received funding totalling USD 80.428 million.
The DPR Korea has a total population of 24.65 million. Rural communities make up one third of the population mostly living in the 3,000 cooperative farms which utilise 90% of the agriculture land. FAO work covers 8 out of 11 provinces, spread across 66 counties.
The agriculture sector, including forestry and fisheries, is the mainstay of the national economy of the DPR Korea contributing 20 percent to the country’s GDP and employing 36% of its workforce. Self-sufficiency in food production is a national priority.
FAO has supported the DPRK to achieve food security through agro-forestry, soybean cultivation, fruit production, marine aquaculture and capacity building. FAO has also supported the rehabilitation of facilities related to double cropping, conservation agriculture, horticulture and prevention of trans-boundary animal disease such as influenza and foot and mouth disease.
Policy makers, government staff and researchers in the DPRK have benefited from various international study tours and regional FAO programmes that have enabled the exchange of experiences and expertise.