United Nations Population Fund
Representative: Ms. Rizvina De Alwis
UNFPA has been working in DPRK since 1985, supporting the country in three main areas namely:
- Reproductive Health
- Population and Development
- Emergency Response (lifesaving equipment and supplies)
Reproductive health: Working with Ministry of Public Health and focusing on maternal and new born health, expansion of family planning services, improvement of commodity security and logistics management, and capacity strengthening for health service providers at the primary and secondary levels of health care. In its fifth programme cycle (2011 – 2016), UNFPA RH programming focused at both the national and sub-national levels, supporting 11 county hospitals and 273 Ri clinics. UNFPA also supports the development of Reproductive health related strategies, guidelines and protocols.
UNFPA Activities in Reproductive Health have contributed to the reduction of in Maternal Mortality Ratio in the DPRK from 85.1 in 2008 to 65.9 in 2014; the upgrading of pre-service midwifery training to international standards; and contributing to increased access to family planning services (e.g. Contraceptive Prevalence Rate for modern methods increased from 65.3% in 2010 to 76.5% in 2014 (SDHS 2014).
Population and Development: Supporting the Central Bureau of Statistics and other research institutions to strengthen their capacity to generate, analyse and disseminate reliable population data. This is done through supporting censuses and surveys and training in demography and research methodologies. The data is a valuable building block for national planning; monitoring of national and international frameworks (e.g. SDGs); and for emergency preparedness and response. One of the major achievements in the area of data is the undertaking of the 2014 Socio-economic, Demographic and Health Survey (SDHS), which has provided credible data for all stakeholders in DPRK for their programming. UNFPA is currently supporting the DPRK in the preparatory activities for the 2018 Population and Housing Census and ensuring that the census is undertaken in line with international principles and recommendations.
Humanitarian response: Provision of life-saving maternal and reproductive health supplies; strengthening the capacity of key institutions to implement the Minimum Initial Service Package for reproductive health (MISP) in emergencies.